Argentina covers much of the southern tip of South America. Its landscape is wild and vast and is filled with roaring waterfalls, hidden relics of ancient civilisations, and the end of the world. Famous for Lionel Messi, the tango and gaucho culture, there are plenty of cultural, historic and natural landmarks in Argentina to explore.
The cities are packed with life, from bustling street food markets to creative corners filled with bookstores and cafes. Its natural wonders combine multiple, wild landscapes from misty jungles to high-altitude glaciers. Here are famous landmarks in Argentina not to be missed when visiting this incredible, end of the world country.
TREN A LAS NUBES. Argentina's most famous train trip is the Tren a las Nubes, or Train to the Clouds. The journey departs from Salta and takes passengers through some of the most beautiful landscapes Argentina has to offer. The train heads through the Lerma Valley, past the multicoloured Quebrada del Toro and even across a breath-taking viaduct where views over the desert canyon of La Polvorilla can be seen from a staggering altitude of 4200 m above sea level. The train is the fourth highest in the world, and reaches the peak of its journey at the end of the railway line, at 4200 meters high.
MUSEO ARQUELOGIA DE ALTA MONTANA. The Museo Arquelogia de Alta Montana or MAAM as it is locally referred to is one of Argentina's premier museums. The museum is home to one of the largest exhibitions in the world focusing on Incan culture and heritage. The most famous collection in the Incan exhibition is of the child sacrifices that were left on some of the most formidable peaks in the Andes.
RECOLETA CEMETERY. Sometimes referred to as the "worlds best cemetery", Recoleta Cemetery in Buenos Aires is a landmark not to be missed. The graves here are not underground, but in grand and ornate mausoleums above ground, making for an interesting site to explore.The cemetery is unique in its design as each mausoleum features intricate scrolls, Romanesque pillars and carvings.
BUENOS AIRES OBELISK. Erected in 1936 to commemorate the fourth centenary of the foundation of Buenos Aires in 1536 by Pedro de Mendoza, the monument is one of the most famous landmarks in Argentina. The obelisk is 67.5 meters tall and was designed by Argentinian architect Alberto Prebisch. Shortly after being built, there was much upset within the community about the obelisk, with a city authorised demolition planned only three years after its completion. Thankfully it was vetoed by the mayor at the time and has since become an important location in the city.
FLORALIS GENERICA. A city landmark in Buenos Aires since 2002, the Floralis Generica is a giant silver flower designed by Argentine architect Eduardo Catalano. The Floralis Generica has moving petals, which at 13 meters long take around 20 minutes to open. The flower opens each morning at 8 am and closes at sunset. Catalano designed the sculpture in this way to reflect the real daily movements of petals. Floralis Generica is made from aluminium, giving it a reflective surface. During the day, the city is reflected on the surface, and at night the petals glow red.